By Elizabeth Pantley, Author of Gentle Baby Care
Learn about it
A baby's first tantrum can take you by surprise. Your baby can really shock you by shrieking, stamping, hitting, or making his whole body go stiff. But don't take it personally; baby tantrums aren't about anything you've done wrong, and they aren't really about temper, either - your baby isn't old enough for that. The ways you'll respond to your baby's behavior when he is older are different than how you should respond now.
Why babies have tantrums and what you can do about it
A baby tantrum is an abrupt and sudden loss of emotional control. Various factors bring tantrums on, and if you can identify the trigger, then you can help him calm down ? and perhaps even avoid the tantrum in the first place. Here are the common reasons and ways to solve the problem:
Reason for tantrum: Overtiredness
Possible solution: Settle baby down to sleep; Provide quiet activity
Reason for tantrum: Hunger
Possible solution: Give baby a snack or something to drink
Reason for tantrum: Frustration
Possible solution: Help baby achieve his goal or remove the frustration; Use distraction
Reason for tantrum: Fear/anxiety
Possible solution: Hold and cuddle baby; Remove baby from difficult situation
Reason for tantrum: Inability to communicate
Possible solution: Try to figure out what he wants; Calmly encourage him to show you
Reason for tantrum: Resisting change
Possible solution: Allow a few minutes for baby to make adjustment
Reason for tantrum: Over stimulation
Possible solution: Move baby to a quiet place
How to prevent baby tantrums
Often, you can prevent a baby from losing control of his emotions if you prevent the situations that lead up to this. Here are some things to keep in mind:
- When baby is tired, put him down for a nap or to sleep.
- Feed your baby frequently. Babies have small tummies and need regular nourishment.
- Give your baby toys that are geared to his age and ability level.
- Warn your baby before changing activities ("One more swing, then we're going home").
- Be patient when putting your baby in an unfamiliar environment or when introducing him to new people.
- Help your baby learn new skills (such as climbing stairs or working puzzles).
- Keep your expectations realistic; don't expect more than your baby is capable of.
- As much as possible, keep a regular and predictable schedule.
- When your baby is overly emotional, keep yourself as calm as possible.
- Use a soothing tone of voice and gentle touch to help your baby calm down. He can't do it on his own, he needs your help.
This article is an excerpt from Gentle Baby Care by Elizabeth Pantley. (McGraw-Hill, 2003)